Women are 7% less likely to own a mobile phone than men and 15% less likely to own a smartphone
Digital transformation for inclusive and equal participation
Even though women make up half the global population, in the digital world men are still clearly in the majority. In Africa alone, only about half as many women use the internet as men – and for this reason they are often excluded from the many opportunities created by the digital transformation. This is because the internet gives access to information, education, networks, job exchanges, financial products and services – all these digital opportunities are denied to women and girls if they have no access to the web. Indeed, those who stand to benefit most from the opportunities offered by digitalisation – and who could participate more easily in economic, public and political life, take advantage of health services and develop their potential in education and employment – are marginalised groups and women in rural areas.
However, these opportunities are not equally distributed in low and middle-income countries.
234 million fewer women than men have access to mobile internet
Women use mobile internet 15% less often than men
The gender gap in access to and the use of digital technologies is called the digital gender divide. Women in rural areas, in particular, with a low level of education, with disabilities, as well as older or unemployed women, are subject to multiple forms of discrimination.
The digital gender divide also spills over into digital skills, employment and entrepreneurship in the information and communication technology (ICT) sector – and this applies worldwide.
Men are four times more likely than women to know how to use digital technologies for basic tasks
Women make up only 35% of students in science and ICT subjects at universities
Only 24% of all jobs in the digital sector are occupied by women, the majority of them at entry level with only few women in management positions
Start-ups founded by women receive 23% less funding
The lack of diversity perpetuates and exacerbates gender inequalities in the development of technologies, for example through (unrecognised) bias built into and replicated in algorithms and artificial intelligence.
What is the digital divide?
The digital gender divide has numerous causes:
lack of infrastructure, high cost of devices and data volumes
These are precisely the barriers we aim to address: if we are to overcome the digital divide, gender-specific needs and obstacles must be taken into account when projects and solutions are in development.
#eSkills4Girls addresses the digital gender divide by promoting relevant educational and employment opportunities for women and girls in partner countries of German development cooperation. Implementation takes place 1) bilaterally at project level, 2) multilaterally through work with the multi-actor partnership EQUALS, and 3) through cooperation with the private sector and non-governmental organisations.
To date, Germany has reached and trained over 60,000 women and girls through #eSkills4Girls.Project website
The digital learning platform atingi is developing a gender-sensitive and inclusive design for all its courses and offers a course portfolio that is specifically geared to women, such as the #WomenRulingTech campaign.Project website
Audiopedia is an open source audio learning platform. It provides basic education and health information free of charge to marginalised populations in the global South. Knowledge is also accessible to non-readers through audio recordings, enabling gaps in knowledge between the genders to be closed.Project website
Her & Now
Her & Now seeks to improve the underlying conditions for female entrepreneurs in India. The approach focuses on three main areas: 1) providing policy advice on the development of gender-sensitive policies; 2) implementing incubation and acceleration programmes; 3) running a film and media campaign that uses positive role models for female entrepreneurship.Project website